Climate Change and International Security

Resource Guide – 2017 Consolidated Edition

Climate Change and International Security

Resource Guide – Update January 2018


This first update to the 2017 compendium has 50 new entries to help you keep informed on news and events on Climate Change and International Security. Readers are invited to contact us about additional items to be included as we together periodically update and build the consolidated edition for 2018.

BDCD Partner Publications

BDCD Publications

EU Climate Diplomacy: Politics, Law and Negotiations

24 April 2018

The European Union (EU) has recognised the high-probability, high-impact threat climate change poses to international security, but is still formulating a response commensurate to the threat. This repor t outlines how the EU can meet a Responsibility to Prepare for unprecedented yet foreseeable threats to international peace and security. This involves routinising, institutionalising, elevating and integrating climate security considerations into policymaking processes and the policies and financial instruments of EU institutions, while honing rapid response capabilities and developing contingencies for unintended consequences. 

Authors: Shiloh Fetzek and Louise van Schaik

The Center for Climate and Security / Clingendael - Netherlands Institute for International Relations / Planetary Security Initiative

20 pages 

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The European Union has long played a leadership role in the global response to climate change, including the development and dissemination of climate-friendly technologies such as renewable energy. EU diplomacy has been a vital contributor to the development of international cooperation on climate change through the agreement of the United Nations Climate Convention, its Kyoto Protocol and, most recently, the Paris Agreement. In addition, the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States means that the EU contribution to climate diplomacy will become more important still, both in filling the leadership gap (together with other major economies) and in responding to any sabotage by the Trump administration. 

This book will extend knowledge of the EU as a key actor in climate diplomacy by bringing together leading practitioners and researchers in this field to take stock of the EU’s current role and emerging issues. Contributions will be grouped into three strands: 1) the interplay between EU climate diplomacy and internal EU politics; 2) how the EU’s legal order is a factor that determines, enables and constrains its climate diplomacy; and 3) the EU’s contribution to diplomacy concerning climate technology both under the Climate Convention and more broadly. Collectively, these contributions will chart the EU’s role at a critical time of transition and uncertainty in the international response to climate change.

Edited by Stephen Minas, Vassilis Ntousas


174 pages, 18 B/W Illus. 

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A study by Strauss Center scholars provides robust new data on where—and how—fragility and climate risks combine to make populations more vulnerable to humanitarian emergencies and instability across the globe.

“With increasing aid investments and security assistance in states affected by localized conflict, political upheaval, and humanitarian crises, there has been a convergence of interventions in fragile states. Yet the relationship between these varied threats and interventions in this context is exceedingly complex,” said Ashley Moran, director of the Strauss Center’s State Fragility Initiative and lead investigator on the study. 

The Intersection of Global Fragility and Climate Risks 

28 September 2018


This inventory produced for the Brussels Dialogue on Climate Diplomacy highlights over 100 publications, articles, initiatives and events from 2017. It includes everything you need to know about action on Climate Change and International Security in this landmark year.   

Reinforcing Environmental Dimensions of European Foreign and Security Policy 

By Marianne Kettunen (IEEP), Dominique Noome (GMACCC) and Johanna Nyman (IEEP), Brussels, BDCD / GMACCC / HBF / IEEP, December 2018

The impacts of a degrading environment and a changing climate on national and international security are becoming more and more apparent. Combined with an increasing world population, the pressure on and competition over natural resources can be considered as one of the key peace and security challenges of the 21st century. 

Acknowledging the role environment and ecosystems play in underpinning security – both in terms of national and human security – means a departure from the security and defence policy as traditionally perceived. It requires a more holistic regime that goes beyond military preparedness or response, with due links to a range of sectoral activities that impact the environmental and ecosystem quality and resilience.


“Knowing the specific ways that fragility and climate risks intersect can help assess how policies promoting peace, political stability, and resilience can be best designed to positively reinforce each other and reduce both the fragility and climate risks that can contribute to instability in these countries.” 

The study report, The Intersection of Global Fragility and Climate Risks, identifies the locations where fragility and climate risks co-occur in significant ways around the world. It reveals that most highly fragile states—where institutions and mechanisms for meeting public needs are already strained—have a large number of people or large share of the population facing high climate risks, adding challenges that can exceed state capacity and societal resilience. 

The global findings—along with country briefs exploring how compound fragility-climate risks take shape in different contexts in Bangladesh, Colombia, and Nigeria—provide new data on the role of fragility in the indirect pathways between climate risks and a range of potential security threats. 

Authors: Ashley Moran, Joshua W. Busby,Clionadh Raleigh, Todd G. Smith, Roudabeh Kishi, Nisha Krishnan, Charles Wight,and Management Systems International, a Tetra Tech Company

Produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development

70 pages

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Europe’s Responsibility to Prepare: Managing Climate Security Risks in a changing World

June 2018