Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD)


Founded in late 1989, the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) is a public policy institute fostering the reform process in Europe through impact on policy and civil society. CSD’s mission is “building bridges between scholars and policy-makers” and as an independent, interdisciplinary think tank it combines a broad range of capacities. Building bridges is the old-fashioned way of bringing together social actors and cementing new alliances. Born as a think-tank, the Center for the Study of Democracy has evolved into policy development through dialogue and partnership.

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Climate Action 

Following the Bulgaria’s entry into the European Union in 2007, CSD has specialised also in energy governance and regional energy security through policy research and advocacy for improving national and European energy policies. Of key concern are the Energy Security Risks and Energy Security Agenda in Southeast Europe. Overcoming the energy security risks of Bulgaria and South-eastern Europe including widespread energy poverty, low energy efficiency and dependence on one supplier of oil and gas remains a distant perspective. The diversification of the natural gas supply has stalled and the liberalization of cross-border gas trading is yet to be unlocked.

CSD has also been examining how the European Green Deal will play out in Bulgaria.

Featured Initiatives

Green Energy Governance

Energy Policy and energy security

Featured Events

The European Green Deal in Bulgaria: Policy Options and Possible Solutions, 28 May 2020

Energy Security Risks and Energy Security Agenda in Southeast Europe, 26 Nov 2018

Featured Publications

Policy Brief No. 92: Lost in transition: Bulgaria and the European Green Deal, 19 May 2020